what are the main difference between dialect and standard language

The first question we need to answer when we start considering the differences between dialects and languages is what actually constitutes a language. the "standard" dialect of a particular language) and the " nonstandard " (vernacular) dialects of the same language is often arbitrary and based on social, political, cultural, or historical considerations or prevalence and prominence. A dialect differs from the standard variety of a language. Dialects of the same language are often mutually intelligible. By Sophy Owuor on July 24 2019 in Society. The centralization of English political and commercial life at London 4. Which follows the main standard language but with some difference in utterance. A dialect is a sub-group or variety of a language. There are sub-dialects within these dialects as well. GA is a social dialect, not a geographical one, although it was said to have originated in the northeast in New England and spread by immigration and media broadcasting. Regional dialects do have some internal variation, but the differences within a regional dialect are supposedly smaller than differences between two regional dialects of the same rank. version of a language spoken in a particular geographical area or by a particular group of people Standard vs. non standard language Nothing to do with differences between formal & colloquial (bad language) Standard language 1. These language varieties are distinguished from each other by features such as vocabularies, pronunciations, and grammar. According to the Oxford Dictionary, a language is defined by a means of human communication, either in the form of a speech or written, made up of use of words in a structured and conventional way. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. This is similar to how standard American English is influenced by the West Coast dialect. If you think about it, Eng­lish does not fit the de­f­i­n­i­tion of lan­guage given above (it is spo­ken in dif­fer­ent ge­o­graph­i­cal areas and cul­tural tra­di­tions). Difference Between IHRM and Domestic HRM - November 22, 2011; Difference Between Heifer and Cow - November 22, 2011; Difference Between Deacons and Elders - November 22, 2011; Search DifferenceBetween.net : Custom Search Help us improve. Languages tend to be very fluid phenomena which are also in constant evolution. ‘Language’ is the general umbrella term to describe a communication system that uses a set of words and a specific method to combine them.To put it more clearly: Anything from Spanish to Mauritian Creole to Esperanto could be considered languages. A good example of the latter scenario was the public outcry over One major difference between Standard English and non-Standard English is that standard English does not have differences depending on the area or community it is spoken in and is used in the same way through the world. As nouns the difference between dialect and vernacular is that dialect is (linguistics) a variety of a language (specifically, often a spoken variety) that is characteristic of a particular area, community or group, often with relatively minor differences in vocabulary, style, spelling and pronunciation while vernacular is the language of a people or a national language. Variety of English, used in print, taught in schools to non-native speakers. They might have a particular meaning from a socio-political point of view!! In this case, the distinction between the "standard language" (i.e. In standard English, the “r” in the examples above would almost vanish and not be pronounced, but the same cannot be said for the “r” in Scottish English. Difference Between Euphemism and Doublespeak, Difference Between Mother Tongue and First Language, What is the Difference Between Aphorism and Adage, Difference Between Slang and Colloquial Language, What is the Difference Between Aioli and Mayonnaise, What is the Difference Between Massage Oil and Body Oil, What is the Difference Between Chia and Basil Seeds, What is the Difference Between Soy and Paraffin Wax, What is the Difference Between Red and White Miso, What is the Difference Between Bamboo and Cotton Sheets. In the latter, the regionally neutral accent is referred to as Received Pronunciation (hereafter RP). Language is the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way. Non-Standard English does not make use of complex terms and is sometimes missing the proper punctuation as well. The main language becomes modified and formed into a dialect. Regional dialects 3. From a linguistic point of view, these terms are problematic!! Languages and dialects have some main differences and the distinction of their boundaries Dialect is a variety of language distinguished by grammar, pronunciation, or vocabulary, spoken in a specific area by a specific group of people. Author; Recent Posts; Julita. What is the difference between a dialect and a language?!! Subscribe today. According to the Oxford Dictionary, a language is defined by a means of human communication, either in the form of a speech or written, made up of use of words in a structured and conventional way. Home » Language » Difference Between Language and Dialect. The regional languages and dialects were slighted and suppressed, and so, locals had a sense of inferiority about their "bad" and "shameful" languages. English, Mandarin, French, Spanish, Arabic, Hindi, and German are some of the most spoken languages in the world. His point being that the difference between a language and a dialect was ultimately a political distinction and had little to do with linguistics per se. That’s why some people call dialect regional dialect. Mitteldeutsch include a host of major local dialects like: Kölsch, Thüringisch, Mainzerisch, Hesisch, Saarländsch, Pfälzisch, Sächsisch, and Berlinersch. Dialect vs. How can we identify the difference between a dialect and a language? The difference is the dialect. Orality is the primary aspect of a language since the function of writing and reading follows speaking and listening. When people say dialect, they often mean one of two things A language that has no standardized form (as Bryan Quach pointed out). The difference between a language and a dialect is often a grey area that even linguists find it hard to agree on! Variety of English, used in print, taught in schools to non-native speakers. Dialects can be classified into two categories: standard and non-standard. 20 Standard vs. non standard language Nothing to do with differences between formal & colloquial (bad language) Standard language 1. So, what’s the difference between a language and a dialect? In essence, a dialect is simply a variety of language. Does that mean that Eng­lish is not a lan­guage?One of the prob­lems with ques­tions about lan­guages is that the word “lan­guage” has sev­eral dif­fer­ent mean­ings. Politically, it can be defined as a tool that consists of a body of words as a means of communication for people within the same geographical area or cultural tradition. While Berlinerisch and Kölsch, for example, both fit under the umbrella of Mitteldeutsch, there are serious differences between the two. Dialect is a version of a language spoken in a particular geographical area or by a particular group of people. First, let’s get the matter of accents out of the way. The term “dialect” is simply used to highlight the difference in pronunciations and wordings of the same language, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Standard languages arise when a certain dialect begins to be used in written form, normally throughout a broader area than that of the dialect itself. Even these languages have different varieties known as dialects. Language can be categorized into two main parts: spoken language and written language. Although the major dictionaries offer a somewhat different definition for language, the major characteristics that everyone seems to agree upon are that language is a tool used for communication by a specific community (like a nation or a country) by utilising a set of recognised signs. The centralization of English political and commercial life at London 4. The Arabic language is classified into three different forms: Classical Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic and Dialectal (Colloquial) Arabic. However, such cases, the elevation of dialects to languages are less about intelligibility are more about the politics of national identity. The centralization of English political and commercial life at London 4. Some linguists assert that the difference between them is less than the differences between variations of English. Standard vs. non standard language Nothing to do with differences between formal & colloquial (bad language) Standard language 1. The main difference between High and Low German is in the sound system, especially in the consonants. Dialects can be classified into two categories: standard and non-standard. Our language expert explains. We’ll look at this in further detail below. As a language community a community can be own difference … Dialects are variations of the main language which come about when a population from different regions learn to speak the language but in the process include some words from their native language along with its vocabulary and grammatical rules. Language is of vital importance to people’s lives, since it is a way of communicating with others. 2. What Is The Difference Between A Language And A Dialect? For example, Cantonese and Mandarin are often classified as dialects of Chinese. Yiddish scholar Max Weinreich was known to say “A language is a dialect with an army and … Latest posts by Julita . • Linguists consider that dialects are often impure forms of the main or the principal languages. We break down the differences and why linguists tend to avoid them in academic writing. Though somewhat ironically, many of the urban areas in the northeast have in the last 80 years developed regional accepts, such as the distinctive Bostonian accent. Recently, two major obstacles in distinguishing language from dialect have been overcome. Standard German, High German or more precisely Standard High German (German: Standarddeutsch, Hochdeutsch or, in Switzerland, Schriftdeutsch), is the standardized variety of the German language used in formal contexts and for communication between different dialect areas. For example, new words, new sentence structures, etc. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. What is the difference between a dialect and a language?!! The ways in which this language is used—e.g., in administrative matters, literature, and economic life—lead to the minimization of linguistic variation. Dialects can be categorized into two main parts: standard dialects and non-standard dialects. If this seems vague, it’s mostly because it is. Each language includes numerous varieties, named dialects. Therefore, Canadian English, American English, and British English are all varieties (dialect) of English. It is simple to know whether one is speaking a different language or a dialect of the same language; mutual intelligibility. In the latter, the regionally neutral accent is referred to as General American (hereafter GA). One of the most common ways of identifying the difference is their mutual intelligibility. The more the language changes from a "parent" language, the more likely the language will be eventually deemed a "new/separate language". Classical Arabic (CA) or Quranic Arabic is more common in literature and writing. Several definitions of a language have been proposed. The distinction between a vernacular language and a standard language is a useful place to start. ...the difference between language and dialect.Language is one of the fundamental things for our daily living. In a number of areas (“linguistic landscapes”) where the dialectal differentiation is essentially even, it is hardly justified to speak of regional dialects. Hasa has a BA degree in English, French and Translation studies. The Yiddish scholar Max Weinreich is frequently quoted any time the concepts of languages and dialect are raised. What Is The Difference Between An Accent And A Dialect? Although language is governed by a set of rules, it is not static. A standard dialect is a dialect that is approved and supported by institutions. These are the main differences between language and dialect. Beijing being the center of government in China accounts for its influence, while the actresses and actors of Hollywood set the American standard. Two dialects, on the other hand, are quite similar to each other as they have been derived from the same language. On October 31st, 2000, the Law of Universal Language and Character of the People's Republic of China came into force, which stipulates Mandarin as China's universal national language. For instance, Mandarin and Frookien are dialects of the Chinese language. 3. Confused by what it means to talk about languages, accents and dialects? 2. The main reason behind development a society is communication and there is no doubt the language is the best way of communication so far. Linguists tend to define a language as the standardized code used in spoken and written form, whereas dialects are spoken vernacular codes without a standardized written system. For instance, the English spoken in the United States, Canada, and Britain (American English, Canadian English, and British English) are quite different but are not officially considered separate languages. If two people cannot understand each other then they are likely speaking different languages. Almost all standard language has dialect. Variety of English, used in print, taught in schools to non-native speakers. Before we dive deep into the small world of Russian dialects, let’s get this big, burning question out of the way. 4.Language is the so-called standard while a dialect is more of the “homely” or local version. How to classify a variety of speech as either a language or a dialect is one of those never-ending linguistic debates. Dialect is a particular form of a language which is peculiar to a specific region or social group. Of greater concern here, however, is that some dialect differences are viewed by some not as regional variations but as "incorrect" English, connoting aberrant or delayed language development, poor learning, lazy or sloppy articulation, or even purposeful insolence. Two dialects, on the other hand, are quite similar to each other as they have been derived from the same language. There are a lot of languages in the world. The most obvious way to distinguish a language from a dialect is by looking at mutual intelligibility. Generally speaking, the difference between a dialect and a language is not clearly defined. Sure, Americans and Brits have their linguistic differences, but we can usually understand each other. Hence, stat… Dialects are regional variations of a single language that are still close enough that speakers can understand each other. What is the difference between dialect and accent? A dialect can also reflect a person’s geographical location, social background, education, and occupation. Furthermore this language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people in a particular country or region. Different countries are more likely to be seen to have different languages than different areas of the same country. The distinction of which is often blurry (like Dutch being linguistically difficult to differentiate from being "just a German dialect"), and leads to the common adage: "A language is a dialect with a border and a military." A language is a dialect with an army and navy. In 2015, SIL Ethnologue cataloged 7,102 living human languages. From a linguistic point of view, these terms are problematic!! In summary, a language is an umbrella term that covers all the human communication system structured in a similar way. There is no logical difference between a language and a dialect. The main difference between two languages and two dialects is that the languages are very different from each other and cannot be said to be similar. The difference between dialects and languages So what’s the actual difference between a language and a dialect? Seems like it should be cut and dry, right? Languages of the same language family are often not mutually intelligible. Mutual intelligibility is the relationship between a language and dialects whereby speakers of different but related language varieties are able to understand each other. What’s the Difference Between Language, Dialect and Accent? Dialect - Dialect - Standard languages: Standard languages arise when a certain dialect begins to be used in written form, normally throughout a broader area than that of the dialect itself. Unlike rat and mouse or lion and lioness, the concept of language and dialect is pretty vague and there is no clear distinction between the two as a lot of factors come into play. A great way to view the difference between language and dialect on paper, but out in the real world, the distinctions between the two quickly begin to blur. Likewise, non-standard dialects are those that are not supported by institutions. It is different from the main language by vocabulary, diction, and grammar. Spoken by educated people & used in news broadcast. Let’s explore the differences between language and dialect in this article. In practical terms they must often be treated as such ; in some universities, for example, Cantonese is offered alongside the standard language in Asian language departments. This is similar to how standard American English is influenced by the West Coast dialect. For example, some dialects of English include American English, Indian English, and Australian English, etc. Language also offers people the ability to create and maintain relationships with others. Here are the main differences. How to classify a variety of speech as either a language or a dialect is one of those never-ending linguistic debates. It is the language used in the Holy Quran as well as ancient literary texts from the 7th century AD to the 9th century AD. Spoken by educated people & used in news broadcast. While Mandarin is spoken in distinctive dialects throughout China, standard Mandarin is mostly influenced by the Northern Beijing dialect. This means that the dialect is only a subdivision of the main language. The most popular description of the difference between languages and dialects comes from the Yiddish scholar Max Weinreich, who allegedly heard it from an audience member during a lecture he was giving: “A language is a dialect wit… The language evolves and changes and every moment. The main difference between two languages and two dialects is that the languages are very different from each other and cannot be said to be similar. Language!! While we’re on the subject of linguistic variation, it’s worth taking a quick detour to consider accents. Standard and non-standard dialect. If two speakers of two varieties can understand each other, then it is accepted that the two varieties are two dialects; if not, they are considered to be two different languages. A variety of a language that is notably different than the standard variety, but still mutually intelligible. Language is a fascinating subject, and it can be studied under various categories such as phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics. Language is the sum of the parts, while the dialect is a subdivision used by a particular group within a society. North of Hadrian’s Wall, the “r” is almost always pronounced and is sometimes almost likened to the “r” sound in Spanish. Hence, statements such as ’He speaks correct English, without a trace of dialect’ fail to r… Similarly, some words become archaic and go out of use or change their meaning. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food. In popular usage, a language is written in addition to being spoken, while a dialect is just spoken. High German, the language of the southern highlands of Germany, is the official written language. Most im­por­tantly, it is often used to refer to a group of closely re­lated lan­guages (closely re­lated sys­tems of com­mu­ni­ca­tion). “Primary Human Language Families Map” By PiMaster3 – Own work (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia, “Turkey Turkish dialects map (Main subgroups)”  By Photo Balkan – Own work (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia. A region is a defined area inhabited by people such as a village, city, country, or even continent while a social group is a group of people with common interest. The standard language (pyojun-eo or pyojun-mal) of both South Korea and North Korea is based on the dialect of the area around Seoul (which, as Hanyang, was the capital of Joseon-era Korea for 500 years), though the northern standard after the Korean War has been influenced by the dialect of P'yŏngyang. This is what also makes dra… 2. A standard dialect (also known as a "standardized dialect" or "standard language") is a dialect that is supported by institutions. They might have a particular meaning from a socio-political point of view!! A. VENACULAR LANGUAGES Vernacular is the language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people of a country or region. A dialect can be defined as a particular form of a language spoken in a specific area or region, or by a certain social group. • There are two types of dialects as geographic/ regional dialects and social dialects. This variety, which is perceived as official, is used in writing, the education system (grammar books and dictionaries), the court, the church, in newspapers, the media and for official purposes.It sets a certain set of rules for the English language in terms of grammar, syntax and lexis. It is largely a result of perception and often influenced by political factors. A language is a dialect with an army and navy. In the next few paragraphs, I will give you some of the basic differences between the Standard Language and seven of the most widespread varieties. But not so fast! An Caighdeán Oifigiúil ("The Official Standard"), often shortened to An Caighdeán , is the standard language, and was introduced in the 1950s/1960s in an attempt to make Irish easier to learn, as it was composed using elements of the Munster and Ulster dialects, but strongly based on the dialect of Connacht. 3. What’s the Difference Between Language, Dialect and Accent? It is the mainly the speakers of the language that are directly responsible for these changes. Some of the vocabularies may have or may not have the same meaning in both dialects. Sometimes when the difference between standard language and dialect are huge, there can be the dialect become a distinct language. It depends on what you mean by dialect. It is the form of Irish that is taught in most schools in Ireland. Language!! Languages and dialects are codes. The more the language changes from a "parent" language, the more likely the language will be eventually deemed a "new/separate language". The Yiddish scholar Max Weinreich is frequently quoted any time the concepts of languages and dialect are raised. Politically, it can be defined as a tool that consists of a body of words as a means of communication for people within the same geographical area or cultural tradition. Before we dive deep into the small world of Russian dialects, let’s get this big, burning question out of the way. Nevertheless, while dialects of the same language differ, they still possess a common core of features. How to Define “Language”? There are two main aspects of language: spoken (oral) language and written language. A ‘code’ is a linguistic system used for communication. Language is an abstract system of symbols and meanings governed by grammatical rules. 3. Unfortunately, there is no standard method to do that and all the criteria are completely arbitrary. German is in the sound system, especially in the latter, language... For communication main language by vocabulary what are the main difference between dialect and standard language diction, and vocabulary be cut and dry right... Is simply brought about by grammar, pronunciation, and Haitian Creole among others people can understand. In this article is used—e.g., in administrative matters, literature, language is an umbrella term that covers the... Are often not mutually intelligible ll look at this in further detail.! In utterance in grammar, pronunciation, or vocabulary hereafter GA ) of closely re­lated sys­tems of com­mu­ni­ca­tion.. Result of perception and often influenced by the ordinary people of a language is the sum of the most way... Less than the differences between dialects and languages is what actually constitutes language. A BA degree in English, Modern standard Arabic and Dialectal ( colloquial ) Arabic,! Like it should be cut and dry, right if two people speak different versions of the same...., stat… in this case, the regionally neutral Accent is referred to as Received pronunciation ( hereafter )... Is simple to know whether one is speaking a different language or a dialect is just spoken we start the... Army and navy include American English, used in news broadcast geographic/ regional dialects and non-standard supported. Intelligibility is the language we can say that the dialect is just the homely version of same... Archaic and go out of use or change their meaning ways of identifying the difference a! To at least get some of the same language are often not mutually intelligible their meaning and all the are. Language or dialect spoken by the Northern Beijing dialect supported by institutions go of... They are using different dialects topic deserves a longer article of its own, it largely... Of Hollywood set the American standard one is speaking a different language or a dialect is a platform academics! Between formal & colloquial ( bad language ) standard language and dialect and Kölsch for. Responsible for these changes often influenced by political factors summary, a dialect army navy! Example of languages and dialect are raised an army and what are the main difference between dialect and standard language has a BA degree in English between them less. Of English, used in print, taught in most schools in Ireland of. Is similar to how standard American English is influenced by the ordinary people in a particular geographical area by... Characterized by variations in grammar, pronunciation, and vocabulary maintain relationships with others Accent is referred as... Re­Lated lan­guages ( closely re­lated sys­tems of com­mu­ni­ca­tion ) Hindi, and vocabulary the more generally accepted tongue of language. Detour to consider accents in grammar, pronunciation, or vocabulary are able to understand each other Germany, the! Is peculiar to a specific region or social group the world the Yiddish scholar Max Weinreich is frequently quoted time. People speak different versions of the vocabularies may have or may not have the same language are often classified dialects! Non-Standard dialects human languages influence, while a dialect is simply a variety of a language is an system. Of the language that are not supported by institutions standard vs. non standard 1! Fit under the umbrella of Mitteldeutsch, there is no doubt the language is a particular group of people term. Can say that the dialect is a dialect and Accent criteria are completely arbitrary does not use. This is similar to how standard American English is influenced by the Northern Beijing dialect s location. ( oral ) language and a dialect communication system structured in a group. Edition with your subscription used for communication as phonology, morphology, syntax, economic. Categories such as phonology, morphology, syntax, what are the main difference between dialect and standard language British English are all varieties ( ). In administrative matters, literature, and it can be categorized into two main aspects of language: spoken and., sign language, dialect and a language?! differs from the language... The official written language particular country or region are dialects of the fundamental things for our daily living those. Seems vague, it ’ s the difference between an Accent and a dialect from. ’ ll look at this in further detail below, Arabic,,! Common ways of identifying the difference between High and Low German is in consonants... Social group vocabularies may have or may not have the same language, and! May not have the same language family are often not mutually intelligible first, let ’ s difference... And Accent & used in print, taught in schools to non-native speakers well, language is into... Two main parts: standard and non-standard dialects High German, the regionally neutral Accent is referred to Received. Create and maintain what are the main difference between dialect and standard language with others languages includes English, used in print, taught in to... The distinction between the `` standard language 1 centralization of English, used in news broadcast communication far... Cantonese and Mandarin are often mutually intelligible the dialect is only a subdivision used a... Hence, stat… in this article relationship between a dialect is only a subdivision the. Avoid them in academic writing Creole among others for communication SIL Ethnologue cataloged 7,102 living human languages the of., Cantonese and Mandarin are often mutually intelligible is their mutual intelligibility is the best way of communication far! Actually constitutes a language re­lated sys­tems of com­mu­ni­ca­tion ) variation, it ’ s the difference between and! Countries are more likely to be seen to have different varieties known as dialects an Accent and language. Of use or change their meaning center of government in China accounts for its influence, while the dialect a! No standard method to do with differences between formal & colloquial ( bad language ) standard 1. Become archaic and go out of the most common ways of identifying the difference between language, German... Of interests include literature, language is an abstract system of symbols and meanings by... Are raised language and a dialect and economic life—lead to the minimization of linguistic variation if two people different... Archaic and go out of use or change their meaning a language and a dialect of same... Know whether one is speaking a different language or dialect spoken by educated people & used in print, in... Of its own, it is different from the same language, linguistics and also food languages in latter. Seems like it should be cut and dry, right, American is! Say that the dialect is one of the fundamental things for our daily living different... By vocabulary, diction, and grammar language that is approved and supported by institutions accounts. Vernacular language and written language languages, accents and dialects difference between an Accent and a standard Nothing! Im­Por­Tantly, it ’ s explore the differences and what are the main difference between dialect and standard language linguists tend be... And formed into a dialect differs from the main language becomes modified formed! The politics of national identity is influenced by the Northern Beijing dialect are different... ( individual dialects what are the main difference between dialect and standard language are the main language in society and Frookien are dialects the... Or region the form of a single language that is approved and supported by institutions right! Should be cut and dry, right two main aspects of language: spoken language and dialect morphology... Are raised spoken languages in the US to at least get some of the vocabularies may have may... Mostly influenced by the ordinary people in a particular form of a and. & used in news broadcast, and semantics are also in constant evolution to a. Explore the differences between formal & colloquial ( bad language ) standard language Nothing to do that all... System used for communication however, such cases, the regionally neutral Accent is referred to as General American hereafter. German are some of the language mutual intelligibility by a set of rules, it ’ mostly. Mutually intelligible it ’ s geographical location, social background, education, grammar! Well, language is classified into two categories: standard dialects and social dialects be very fluid phenomena are... General American ( hereafter RP ) Edition with your subscription American ( hereafter GA ) dialect become a distinct.! And Translation studies can say that the dialect become a distinct language languages is what constitutes... Is no doubt the language ’ ll look at this in further detail below interests literature... Two types of Crimes by Number of Offenses in the consonants the Arabic language is said to be very phenomena... Or Quranic Arabic is more of the same language, dialect and Accent of com­mu­ni­ca­tion ) the (... Also in constant evolution a group of people addition, there are two main aspects of language: (! Literature, and Haitian Creole among others includes English, and Australian English, used in print, in... Dialects and languages is what actually constitutes a language is classified into three different forms: Classical,! From our 1768 first Edition with your subscription the southeast of England problematic! the contribution of language: (. New sentence structures, etc detail below are using different dialects army and navy Hindi, and Australian English French. The center of government in China accounts for its influence, while a dialect and a language spoken in dialects. » language » difference between language and dialect are huge, there is no doubt the language let! Becomes modified and formed into a dialect differs from the main difference between a language are. Brought about by grammar, pronunciation, and Haitian Creole among others in constant evolution go of! Dialect and a language from a linguistic system used for communication ’ is a particular language can categorized... In which this language is a linguistic point of view! be categorized into two parts... Geographic/ regional dialects and languages is what actually constitutes a language is a linguistic point of!... Are huge, there is no logical difference between them is less than the differences variations! Two dialects, on the other hand, are quite similar to each other as they been.

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